According to Wikipedia® : “Diatomite is also used as an insecticide, due to its physico-sorptive properties. The fine powder absorbs lipids from the waxy outer layer of insects’ exoskeletons, causing them to dehydrate. Arthropods die as a result of the water pressure deficiency, based on Fick’s law of diffusion. This also works against gastropods and is commonly employed in gardening to defeat slugs. However, since slugs inhabit humid environments, efficacy is very low. It is sometimes mixed with an attractant or other additives to increase its effectiveness. Medical-grade diatomite is sometimes used to de-worm both animals and humans. It is most commonly used in lieu of boric acid, and can be used to help control and eventually eliminate cockroach and flea infestations. This material has wide application for insect control in grain storage. It has also been used to control bedbug infestations, but this method may take weeks to work.”
From the bedsbugguide.com : “This is one of the few “natural” remedies against bed bugs that is actually good for anything. It comes in a powder that you can dust around in the cracks in your bedroom and near the bed. It is made from soil that is composed of little tiny fossils of single-celled algae. These have jagged edges that will cut an insect, causing them to gradually bleed to death if they crawl across it. They are too small to hurt a mammal, however, and they are non-toxic (it’s basically just dirt). They will kill a number of other insects, but bed bugs are definitely on the list.You should apply this by placing it around the floor under and near your bed. You want a bed bug to have to crawl across it to get to you. It’s also a good idea to spread some inside your mattress if you can get at the interior, and I would put it underneath the mattress as well. Bed bugs will hide in the cracks, so anywhere you can put the dust without it affecting your day-to-day life is a good idea. You can get it online fairly cheaply – It’s pretty hard to completely eliminate an infestation with this – if they can crawl around it, they’ll survive. However, you will cut down on the numbers of bedbugs, and if you are more worried about chemicals than being bitten then this is likely your best bet.”
Wikipedia® says “the absorbent qualities of diatomite can result in a significant drying of the hands if handled without gloves. The flux-calcined form contains a highly crystalline form of silica, resulting in sharp edges. The sharpness of this version of the material makes it dangerous to breathe and a dust mask is recommended when working with it.
The type of hazard posed by inhalation depends on the form of the silica. Crystalline silica poses a serious inhalation hazard because it can cause silicosis. Amorphous silica can cause dusty lungs, but does not carry the same degree of risk as crystalline silica. Natural or dried diatomite generally contains very low percentages of crystalline silica. Diatomite produced for pool filters is treated with high heat (calcining) and a fluxing agent (soda ash), causing the formerly amorphous silicon dioxide to assume its crystalline form.
The crystalline silica content of the dust’s particulate is regulated in the United States by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and there are guidelines for the maximum amounts allowable in the product and in the air near the breathing zone of workers.”
Per Wikipedia® “Vapor steam cleaners are cited as examples of green cleaning since they do not require the use of chemical cleaning solutions. They are growing in popularity because of steam vapor’s ability to kill germs and in some cases disinfect without the use of chemical disinfectants. Steam vapor has also been cited as effective in killing dust mites in carpet, bedding, and upholstery. In 2005, the University of Washington tested a steam vapor system in restrooms and reported labor savings and hygienic improvements over previous methods. Vapor steam cleaners are frequently used in hypoallergenic environments because they do not require the use of additional cleaning chemicals, which results in better indoor air quality and eliminates the need to handle or store cleaning agents. Steam has been shown effective in combating mold, bacteria, viruses, and other forms of biocontamination.” According to treatmentforbedbugs.com – “Bed bugs cannot withstand extreme temperatures, exposure to very high or low temperatures will kill them quickly. The use of high temperatures to kill bed bugs is safe and very effective.However a gradual increase in temperature will not have the desired effect, it will merely encourage the bed bugs to scatter whilst trying to escape the heat which could potentially spread the problem to other areas in the house which is the last thing you want.The ideal temperature to kill bed bugs is anything over 45 °C and the best way to achieve such temperatures quickly and efficiently is through the use of steam. The use of steam to kill bed bugs is extremely effective because it not only kills full size bugs but bugs at all stages of development from the eggs upwards which most insecticides are incapable of doing.”
PACKTITE PORTABLE HEATER
Product Description from Amazon:
“PackTite Portable Heater uses patent pending heating technology to safely eliminate all stages of bed bugs by heating contents up to over 120 degrees F for a sustained period. PackTite is a safe, non-chemical way to treat your personal items for bedbugs and features a timer to select heating times of up to six hours. PackTite is designed to work as a preventive measure for travelers, especially frequent business travelers. Many hotels have low-level bed bug infestations that are very hard to detect by visual inspection. Careful travelers can place their luggage in the PackTite heater upon returning from a trip and PackTite will kill any bed bugs that have crawled into the luggage. Additionally, Packtite is an essential tool for those dealing with an active bed bug infestation in their home. Many items cannot be placed in a dryer to kill bed bugs, such as shoes, dry-clean only clothes, sleeping bags, toys, etc. PackTite is the perfect pesticide-free way to gently rid your belongings of bed bugs.”
A bed bug mattress cover, also called a mattress encasement, is a tightly woven case that keeps bed bugs from infesting your mattress or box spring. Once it is installed, bed bugs already in the furniture cannot escape, and will eventually die inside the encasement. Bed bugs on the outside of the mattress cover will not be able to live and breed in the mattress, since they can’t penetrate the barrier of the encasement. Bed bugs are easier to spot on a mattress cover, too, because there are no deep seams or crevices where bed bugs can hide.
Dry Ice Safety (From Continental Carbonic)
Remember these safety precautions when you work with dry ice!
Guidelines for Safe Dry Ice Use
Use cotton gloves, towels, or potholders to move dry ice.
Use in a ventilated location.
Children should be supervised by an adult when using dry ice.
The temperature of dry ice is -109º F, cold enough to freeze skin cells and cause an injury similar to a burn. Always handle dry ice with protective gloves or a towel.
Store dry ice in an insulated container. Do not store ice in a container that is completely airtight. As the ice changes to CO2 (carbon dioxide) gas, it will cause an airtight container to expand and possibly explode.
Dry ice gives off CO2 into the air, so if dry ice has been in a closed car, van, or room for more than 10 minutes, open the doors and windows before entering. Otherwise, you will experience difficulty breathing. Leave the area immediately if you start to breathe quickly or have any difficulty breathing.
INTENTIONAL MISUSE OF DRY ICE MAY BE HARMFUL OR FATAL.
According to Wikipedia® : “Borax has a wide variety of uses. It is a component of many detergents, cosmetics, and enamel glazes. It is also used to make buffer solutions in biochemistry, as a fire retardant, as an anti-fungal compound for fiberglass, as an insecticide, as a flux in metallurgy, a texturing agent in cooking, and as a precursor for other boron compounds.”
Hannah L. Scott, eHow Contributor says to: “replace your bed linens weekly and wash your clothing and bed linens with Borax in hot water that’s 98 degrees F. Sprinkle Borax over your mattress and pound it into the material. Pounding helps scatter the Borax over the material while dislodging bed bugs and debris. Use a water spray bottle filled with hot water. Spray a light mist over the entire mattress. This will trap the ornery bed bugs shaken from their slumber under the moist, suffocating Borax. Allow the wet Borax to dry, then vacuum the mattress.”
Wikipedia® says “Borax, sodium tetraborate decahydrate, is not acutely toxic. Its LD50 (median lethal dose) score is tested at 2.66 g/kg in rats: a significant dose of the chemical is needed to cause severe symptoms or death. The lethal dose is not necessarily the same for humans. Simple exposure can cause respiratory and skin irritation; ingestion may cause gastrointestinal distress including nausea, persistent vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Effects on the vascular system and brain include headaches and lethargy, but are less frequent. “In severe poisonings, a beefy red skin rash affecting palms, soles, buttocks and scrotum has been described. With severe poisoning, erythematous and exfoliative rash, unconsciousness, respiratory depression, and renal failure.”
According to Elizabeth Hannigan, eHow Contributor :
Common household cockroaches have been known to eat both bedbugs and their eggs since the early twentieth century. Cockroaches are between one and two inches long, with wings that do not function. They are red and brown in color and they can run very fast. Cockroaches love to eat starch, and besides leftover food, crumbs and trash, they will also eat human hair and dead skin. Since cockroaches will eat nearly anything and they can run so fast, bedbugs are on the cockroach menu. Cockroaches are not considered a reliable method for treating bedbugs because bedbug communities breed faster than cockroach communities can devour them. In most households that have bedbugs and cockroaches,
Masked Bedbug Hunters
Despite what their name might suggest, masked bedbug hunters are not superheroes, but instead another type of insect that feeds upon bedbugs. Masked bedbug hunters, also known as masked hunters, are between 17 and 22 millimeters long. They are dark brown or black in color and they have glossy carapaces. Their bodies are elongated and they have wings and can fly. Masked bedbug hunters live throughout the United States, though primarily in the eastern and central parts of the country. They require warm, dry places to live and in cold states they live in houses and barns. They are especially attracted to places where pigeons and bats live, because these species attract the type of bugs that masked hunters prey upon. Masked bedbug hunters feed exclusively upon house-infesting arthropods. They are definitely not a good solution to bedbug infestations, however, because masked bedbug hunters bite. Their bite is extremely painful and is said to be comparable to a snake bite.
Pharaoh ants are another natural predator of the bedbug. Pharaoh ants are small; the workers only reach 1/16 of an inch. They look like normal household ants, but they are honey colored instead of black. Pharaoh ants can breed very quickly, with one female laying approximately 400 eggs during her lifetime. They move around in groups on set trails. Pharaoh ants require warm, humid environments to survive. Though they prefer sugars and fats, Pharaoh ants will eat almost anything from food to clothing, including bed bugs and their eggs. Pharaoh ants are also not considered as a good means of treating bedbug infestations, though, because these insects mechanically transmit disease.”
Biological pest control is not very practical for eliminating bedbugs from human dwellings.